During the first reporting year of 2018, 11,600 ships submitted fuel consumption data and were responsible for 138 million tonnes of CO2 emissions in the European Economic Area – with containerships proving to be the largest emitters, accounting for 18% of the monitored fleet and 30% of total CO2 emissions.
Since 2018, ships of 5,000 gross tonnage and above entering or leaving ports in the European Economic Area have been required to collect and report information on their fuel consumption.
The European Commission report published on 25 May analyses the CO2 emissions and energy efficiency of these ships. The reporting system is based on the EU Regulation on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from shipping" (MRV Regulation), which is currently being renegotiated.
In the first reporting year, around two-thirds of vessels involved with the mandatory monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system were non-EU flagged, more than half of vessels were owned by entities based in the European Union, and around of half of these were European companies. Four verification companies issued 62% of all documents of compliance.
While container ships were the largest emitters of total CO2 emissions, in second place were bulkers, which accounted for 37% of the monitored fleet and were responsible for 13% of total CO2 emissions.
Maritime transport is responsible for over 3% of total EU CO2 emissions which is comparable to Belgium’s CO2 emissions.
In terms of bunker fuel consumed in the 2018 reporting year, 70% was heavy fuel oil, 20% was marine gasoil and marine diesel oil, and LNG accounted for 3%.
The Environment Committee will vote on the report on 24 or 25 June 2020 and a vote in the European Parliament is scheduled for the plenary session from 8 to 10 July.
Jutta Paulus, who as rapporteur is negotiating the new regulation within the European Parliament and with the European Commission and the Council, commented on the newly-released report: ‘[It] shows that monitoring and reporting CO2 emissions is important, but not enough, because statistics alone do not save a single gram of greenhouse gas. That is why we need a reasonable price for climate-damaging emissions from ships and ambitious targets for more efficient sea transport!
‘Thanks to the existing MRV Regulation, we have the facts in front of us: In 2018, 11,600 ships called at ports in the European Economic Area and emitted 138 million tonnes of CO2. This corresponds to 3.7% of all CO2 emissions within the European Union.
‘Nevertheless, maritime transport is the only transport sector for which neither an EU emission reduction target nor specific reduction measures exist. This must change with the new MRV regulation!’
The full report can be accessed here